NIGERIA'S NATURAL VEGETATION/ ECOLOGICAL ZONES. - THE BUSINESS PACKAGE

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Monday, June 15, 2020

NIGERIA'S NATURAL VEGETATION/ ECOLOGICAL ZONES.


FOOD SECURITY .

As the  new  planting season  approaches  WUFAS AGR0Net  provides  lucid outlook for  crops  of  comparable advantages  in various  ecological zones of  Nigeria. 

  The  followings are the  various  ecological zones in Nigeria  with  probable crops  production. 

 - SAHEL  SAVANNA,  - SUDAN SAVANNA,   -GUINEA SAVANNA,  - MOUNTAIN GRASSLAND,   - RAIN FOREST,   - FRESH  WATER SWAMP,    -MANGROVE SWAMP FOREST. 

SAHEL  SAVANNA  - Lake Chad region /basins.  with  Low grass ,  thorny shrubs and  bushes .
The  soil types are  slightly alkaline  and  moderately saline. Across the  region. 
STATE CONSTITUENT
Upper  Borno 
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION  -  Fishing  with  Pasture grass for livestock. 

SUDAN SAVANNA  - Grassland with scattered trees. 
Soil type  - Slightly  saline  with  mordrate alkalinity  in various  locations. Within the  slightly saline  soil, with  adequate  irrigation  Fruits and vegetables eg  Tomatoes   thrives  best. 
STATES   CONSTITUENT :
Sokoto, Zamfara, Kebbi, Bauchi, Kano, Katsina, Jigawa, Yobe, Borno, Gombe, (Upper Adamawa  and  Niger). 
CROPS  PRODUCTION 
Tobacco,  Cereals, Legumes, HORTICULTURAL  (Fruits and vegetables ) Tomatoes and   others  Cowpeas, Soghium,Millet, Sesame,  Gum Arabic,  Maize,  Cotton, Groundnut, Rice,  Wheat, Cassava,   ,Carrots , etc. --- (RICE  could be sourced enormously in 
Hadejah  Jigawa state. ).


GUINEA  SAVANNA  - Woodland  with  long grass. - mostly  slightly saline. 
STATES  CONSTITUENT.:
KADUNA, FCT,  Nasarawa,  plateau,        Taraba, Kogi, Benue, Upper Kwara /Oyo  and  lower Adamawa. 
CROPS :Cereals,  Legumes, Sugar cane,  Tubers, Fruits and vegetables, Sheabutter, Cashew, Cassava,  Yam,  Soya beans, Groundnut,   --- ( Ginger is widely grown in  Southern  Kaduna , it's an  export crop to Asia and  Europe. )
 ---- In Benue,  Tubers (Potatoes, Yam,)and  Soya beans  thrives best in this  throve .
---- ORANGE  concentrate from  Benue  can  exceed  local demand if  importation is banned. 



MOUNTAIN GRASSLAND  is found  at the  tail end of  Northeast of  Nigeria. 
This is a  picturesque and  mountainous area  transverse by  major river  valleys of Gongola,  Donga, Taraba  and  Benue. are all  sourced from the  eastern  mountain ranges  of the  Adamawa  and Mambila plateau.  Prominent typographical land  forms are  the  kamale peak, the  three  sister rocks in Song, Mandara, Alantika  mountains the  Hong hills and Mambila  plateau. 
  ---  Mambila plateau is naturally endowed, a land flowing with the (biblica) milk and  honey  a delight to National and international corporate entrepreneurs owning vast plantations of Food crops such as   Tea, coffee, Sugar cane, rice, livestock and other  valueable Cereals.  It is  a home  to the  much  anticipated  Green energy (electrical) source.  Mambila plateau,  if  properly annexed with  good  security  is like the  Isreal of these world  in Nigeria. 
STATES  CONSTITUENT : - TARABA 
CROPS : Cereals,Sesame, Rice,  Legumes, Cassava, plantations of Coffee, Tea,  Cotton, Sugar cane,with  Fruits and vegetables  etc. Livestock and  Fisheries.


RAIN FOREST 
STATES  CONSTITUENT:
Kwara, Oyo, Ekiti, Osun, Ondo,  Ogun, Edo , Anambra, Imo, Ebonyi,  Enugu ,Cross  River,  lower Kwara  and  upper  Delta.& Cross River. 
Forestry with  wide life preservation. Livestock, Fishing  and Poultry. 
CROPS :
Tree crops - COCOA, Kolanut,   Cashew, Oil palm, Yam , Rice  (upland and swamp) with  swamp rice produces double the Yeild of former. (Abakaliki rice. )
Essential oils  - Sunflower, Castor beans and  Mellon .
Ogun state  is home to  OFADA rice  - a delicacy awaiting  international  discovery. 

FRESH WATER SWAMP FOREST. 
Transversing  through  Lagos, Edo,:  Delta.Others, Cross River   and  Akwa Ibom. 
CROPS  PRODUCTION. 
Lagos  has  a comparative advantage over Coconut, it has  about  180km of Coconut groves.  While  Coco yam, Fruits and vegetables abound.  Poultry and Fisheries are in  abundance in the state. 
Edo and  Delta , Akwa Ibom    are  good  in Rubber, Oil palm plantations and Forestry  (Timber). Tubers (Yam).

MANGROVE  SWAMP  FOREST. 
STATE  CONSTITUENTS : 
Delta, Bayelsa and Rivers. 
CROPS : HORTICULTURAL CROPS eg . Fruits and vegetables. Food crops eg. Cassava, Coco yam, Plantain,  Banana, Maize, Coconut, Rubber  Oil palm  etc. 

CONCLUSION 
  -----  Nigeria  is endowed with  about   90million hectares of  arable land  that can produce  8-11 metric tons per hectare  of crops  in  which  only  about 60 million hectares is farmed  more hand should be on deck for more aggressive  commercial  farming. 
--- Security -  the  planned  agricRangers  to protect the  farming  communities  is a welcome idea  from  the  Federal  government. 
--- HUMAN  CAPITAL  DEVELOPMENT IN  FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY  is  key to Processing  Food, Beverages,  Dairy products, Oil Extraction, Drying  and  others.

NIGERIANS !!!!!     GROW  WHAT  WE  EAT   &   EAT WHAT   WE  GROW. 

GOD     BLESS     NIGERIA 


At WUFAS AGR0Net,  We are Competent and Reliable Food Processing Technologists into Human Capital Development Consultancy in Food Processing Technology enhancing Global Competitiveness and International Best Practices for the startups,  the teeming youthful population, propreneurs  and the  unemployed graduates through our Demonstrative Seminars in FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY. .
OUR SERVICES  INCLUDE :
--  Establishment, Construction,     Installation, Test running  of Micro, Small and Medium scale Food processing plants using  80% local content with other food grade appliances. 
--  Rejigging of ailing Food Processing Plants and introduction of value chain development. 
--- Entrepreneurial /Empowerment Demonstrative Seminars in Ethics of  FOOD PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY eg : water treatment, Food mgt System, Preservation, Packaging etc. 
---- Facilitation of  Food Security Conference and Seminars. 
 It's our view that with abundant  Food crops as raw materials for industries  ,Nigeria  will be  self reliant in Processing  own food. Enabling  quality  population. 
Contact us : 08034064270, 08157784430.email:wufasagronet @gmail.com.

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